Measuring And Controlling The Success Of Development
In the public health study of the community, social and economic development is generally the process through which a country, region, community, or a population are better improved as per specific targets and objectives as set by the government. It includes measures of prevention, early detection and treatment of diseases, improvement in quality of life, and utilization of current resources to promote growth. A successful community has healthy individuals with high education and productive work forces, a healthy economy, and a competent medical care system. There needs to be available space for family concerns and children. Most of the poor communities are still living in the rural areas where there is lack of basic infrastructure facilities. They need rapid infrastructural development to improve their standard of living.
The term ‘development’ covers a range of actions or processes aimed at improving the quality of life of individuals, community, group, or the nation as a whole. A wide variety of development activities are undertaken by governments at different levels of detail. At the micro level, things like collecting information, monitoring the progress, regulating the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programs, and creating policies, can be done by the local officials through participatory action. At the macro level, different kinds of policies like creating environment for natural resources, promoting international trade, and fostering infrastructure development, are carried out by the government at the national, state, and regional levels. At the social development level, activities aimed at eliminating poverty, promoting higher education, combating sexual and child abuse, and promoting the right to peaceful assembly and other civil liberties are undertaken by organizations such as the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the United Nations Development Program (UNDIEP).
Societies that have achieved sustainability, have strong economy, and less poverty must continuously strive to achieve more sustainability. For achieving sustainability, both the personal and the community members must contribute in the maintenance of the environment and in ensuring that there is social justice, good health, and quality of life. In developing countries, sustainable development strategy is put into practice which includes the promotion of investment in research and development, use of natural resources to their maximum, improved ways of doing business, and effective social policies to tackle problems of social exclusion, lack of employment opportunities, and extreme poverty. For ensuring sustainable development at the family level, both women and children are encouraged to participate in the economic, social, and cultural life. In the context of global economic crisis, sustainable development at the family level has become a priority, especially for women.