Peace is a psychological concept of social harmony and social friendship in the absence of overt hostility and fighting. In a sociological perspective, peace is used to refer to a state of freedom from conflict and fear of violence amongst people or groups. In today’s world many social groups experience constant conflict and are struggling to survive in a complex environment. The need for peace has become more important than ever with increasing tension between terrorism and ethnic cleansing in the Middle East. Today the term peace is often associated with natural disasters and even politicians use the term to describe the disunity prevailing in countries at certain times.
The European Union and United Nations have set up the Human Rights Council to promote and monitor universal human rights and prepare the world for future global conflicts. However, human rights defenders around the world continue to be targeted by political factions and criminal gangs. This has made the need for an international platform for dialogue and cooperation on human rights more urgent than ever. The European Union and United Nations have come up with a number of measures to improve the conditions of human rights defenders around the globe.
Peace is a difficult concept to understand, but it can explain the scale of suffering in conflicts and the need for international co-operation and cooperation to eliminate conflicts and violence from the human rights domain. By promoting dialogue and peaceful conflict resolution, the United Nations and the European Union have provided a forum for dialogue on global issues which have been preventing the realization of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. International organizations should be able to contribute to the betterment of human security globally by promoting the prevention of acts of political and physical violence and ensuring that human rights are promoted for all.