Understanding the Definition of Peace

Peace is a feeling of harmony and societal friendliness in the absence of violence and hostility in everyday life. In a sociological sense, peace is used to describe a state of social harmony and peace without the threat of physical violence between humans or groups. Peace can also be distinguished from relative peace, which refers to a situation of relative peace within a country (between peaceful neighbors). The existence of a state with a level of security is also considered as a form of peace. Peaceful states are often perceived as progressive and are the ones that show less inclination towards military aggression.


There are many definitions on peace. For instance, it can be determined from the degree of trust and security people have towards their government, between countries, between groups and communities, among religious or political groups, in terms of global relationships, among groups of people within society, and in relation to economic interdependency and potential for shared future goals. The United Nations and the World Bank define peace as a state of complete, total security. Peace is important because it provides a base of motivation for the promotion and protection of human rights, the promotion of good health and education, the prevention of illegal activities such as poaching, child labor and sexual exploitation, and the promotion of economic growth, stability, and prosperity.

Peace has also been described in different contexts such as emotional peace, mental peace, spiritual peace, and intellectual peace. It has been defined as the sense of satisfaction achieved after the removal of fear, pain, and danger and when people come to share their experiences of life and struggle with other people. Peace is a complex concept as it is influenced by history and culture, national identities, human rights, universal values, international law, and interpersonal relationships. However, it should be noted that peace is associated with acceptance of the existing order and is not necessarily a condition of immunity from threats and hazards. Peace is an attitude rather than a state of mind.