Theories of Development
In the scientific research of this field, social and developmental science is the discipline in which the quality of life and the overall economic well being of a nation, community, region, or an individual is improved as a result of specific objectives and goals. In particular, these objectives and goals are defined by the government as part of its policy. The science of development claims that humans have a nature, and it is called human nature, this nature includes the capacity to make choices and the ability to cooperate. If humans do not have the capacity to make these choices and the ability to cooperate then they cannot improve their conditions, and their quality of life will be significantly decreased.
The other elements of this discipline are human capital, technical progress, infrastructure, culture, knowledge, environment, and economy. It also postulates that individuals and other groups will have varying degrees of success in meeting the goals that have been set for them, as well as those they will be able to attain later on. The goal of sustainable development attempts to ensure that people have a means of achieving their objectives of improving the quality of their life, while also allowing future generations to enjoy the same level of prosperity as they had. As well as sustainable development being associated with economic growth, it is also claimed that it is possible for economic growth to be accompanied by sustainable development.
There are two theories that dominate when discussing sustainable and development. The first of these theories is that human development occurs through natural selection. The second theory is that development occurs as a result of economic growth. Both theories propose that human development occurs through natural selection, but they are not exclusive theories. Those who believe that natural selection is the dominant force behind development, also tend to believe that economic growth is the dominant force behind sustainable development.